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Author Guidelines

The Indonesian Journal of Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Digestive Endoscopy accepts manuscripts from physicians all over Indonesia and abroad in the form of original articles, review articles,case reports related with the field of gastroenterology, hepatology and digestive endoscopy.



Manuscripts may be sent to secretariat of The Indonesian Journal of Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Digestive Endoscopy with coresspondence address: Division of Gastroenterology, Department of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Indonesia, Jl. Diponegoro No. 71 Jakarta 10430 Indonesia. Phone: +62-21-3148680; Fax: +62-21-3148681.



Manuscript should be original, unpublished, and has never been sent to another publisher. Manuscript should be written in English, typed on letter/quarto size paper, double-spaced, with a left and right margin of 3 cm each. Manuscript should be sent by e-mail: or at journal website along with signed article checklist and mailing instruction (download here). Authors will not be charged when the confirmation letter of publishing is issued. Author Guidelines (download here)



The title of the manuscript should be brief, informative, and should be able to explain the content of the manuscript, it consists of maximal 15 words. The name of the author or authors and institution should be mentioned completely under the title accompanied by a correspondent's institution address, phone number/fax of the instituion, and e-mail.



Abstract should be written in English and Indonesian; consisting of 100-250 words. Keywords should be listed at the bottom of the abstract, consisting of 3-10 words.

Original Article
Abstract in original article consisted of (1) Background containing the reasons for the importance of conducting such research and research purposes; (2) Method that contains the place and time of the study, sample size, methods of data collection and analysis; (3) Results contains the main results related to the research questions; (4) Conclusion contains answers to research questions

Case Report and Review Article
Abstract in case report and review article consists of 1 to 3 paragraphs.



The content of the manuscript should be informative, concise, and clear and should be written in this format:

Original Article

• Abstract and keywords (English and Indonesian)
• Introduction: Consists of 1 to 3 paragraphs. Including background research that supports the existing literature, the study objectives, and hypotheses to be tested or questions will be answered from the research
• Method: Explained about the study design, place and time of the study, sampling method, inclusion and exclusion criteria, and study population. Research variables and the relationship between variables must be clearly stated. Mentioned statistical analysis and computer programs that are being used
• Results: Presented in text form (narrative), tables and images
• Discussion: Starting with the main results of this study and explain the findings also compare and distinguish the relevant earlier research. Mentioned weaknesses of this study and examine the implications of the results of research to clinical practice and further research possibilities
• Conclusion: Conclusions related to the research objectives and avoid the use of questions and numbers
• References 

Case Report

• Abstract and keywords (English and Indonesian)
• Introduction: Consists of 1 to 3 paragraphs
• Case illustrations: Explaining what happened to the patient, the chronology of events and why the procedure is selected. Accompanied by pictures or illustrations that support
• Discussion: Explaining how and why decisions were made and lessons learned from the experiences of these casess
• References 

Review Article

• Abstract and keywords (English and Indonesian)_
• Introduction: Consists of 1 to 3 paragraphs
• Content: Usually contain a diagnosis or procedure of the latest of a disease. The sequence of writing for example, epidemiology, pathogenesis, clinical manifestations, diagnosis, management, and prognosis
• Conclusion: Summarizes the discussion and give emphasis on the results of discussions about the content
• References



Illustrations that accompany the manuscript may be in the form of tables, figure, graphics and/or charts. Illustrations can be included in the text or as a separate file.

Table consists of table number, title, data in the form of letters and numbers, descriptions of the table. Tables in a review article, complete with literature numbers. Explain acronyms and symbols that are not common in the table footnotes. Figure and graphics along with a number and a description.

Data presented in the text does not repeat the data in tables and figures except to emphasize or highlight important findings.



References should be written according to the Vancouver system with a minimum number of 15 references. There are some standard applications for managing the references such as mendeley, refworks, zotero (free) or endnote and reference manager (paid application). Recent literature should be included, one year before the publication schedule. References format used in accordance with standards established by The International Committee of Medical Journal Editors that can be downloaded at Examples of writing a reference is as follows:

• Text book
Consists of author's name, title of article, the editor’s name, book title, edition number, location of publication, publisher name, year of publication also first and last page numbers of articles

Spechler SJ. Gastroesophageal reflux disease and its complications. In: Grenel JH, Mc Quaid KR, Friedman SL, eds. Diagnosis and treatment in gastroenterology. 2nd ed. International Edition a Lange Medical Book. Connecticut: Prentice-Hall International Inc 1996:II.p.245-92.

• Journal or magazine

Consists of author's name, article title, journal name using standard abbreviations, year of publication, the volume of publication also page number first and the last article

* One until six authors

Voezi MF, Richter JE. Role of acid and gastroesophageal reflux disease. Gastroenterology 1996;101:1656-62.

* More than six authors

Rose ME, Huerbin MB,Melick J, Marion DW, Palmer AM, Shciding JK, et al. Regulation of interstitial excitatory amino acid concentrations after cortical contusion injury. Brain Res 2002;935:40-6.

• Internet

Consists of author’s name, article title, date of access and website address

Morse SS. Factors in the emergence of infectious disease. Emerg Infect Dis [serial online] 1995 Jan-Mar [cited 1998 Jun 5];1(1):[24 screen]. Available from: URL:

• Thesis or Dissertation

Consists of: author's name, title of thesis/dissertation, the location of the university, the university's name, year of approval.

Kay JG. Intracellular cytokine trafficking and phagocytosis in macrophages [PhD thesis]. St Lucia, Qld: University of Queensland 2007.

• Proceedings book

Consists of author's name, book title, name of event, in coordination, venues, publishers address, name of publisher, year published.

Kimura J. Shibasaki H, editors. Recent advances in clinical neurophysiology. Proceedings of the 10th International Congress of EMG and Clinical Neurophysiology. 1995 Oct 15-19; Kyoto, Japan. Amersterdam: Elsevier 1996.

The editors maintain the right to make necessary editorial changes. For further information, please contact the Secretariat of The Indonesian Journal of Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Digestive Endoscopy.



The Indonesian Journal of Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Digestive Endoscopy (INA JGHE) adapts guidelines from Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) for its publication ethics.


For Editors

  1. Editors should be responsible for every articles published in The Indonesian Journal of Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Digestive Endoscopy (INA JGHE)
  2. An editor has to evaluate the manuscript objectively for publication.
  3. Editors should send the manuscripts that will be reviewed by reviewer as double blind review document.
  4. Reviewers’ comments should be informed by editor to author, whether is good or critical comments. Editor also should inform the decision to the author.
  5. Editors should respect requests from authors that an individual should not review the submission, if these are well-reasoned and practicable.
  6. Editors and all staffs should guarantee the confidentiality of the submitted manuscript.


For Reviewers

  1. Reviewers need to comment on ethical questions and possible research and publication misconduct.
  2. Reviewers will do the work in timely manner and should notify editor if they can not complete the work.
  3. Reviewers need to keep the confidentiality of the manuscript.
  4. Reviewers should not accept to review the manuscripts in which there is potential conflict of interest between them and any of the authors.


For Authors

  1. Author(s) affirm that the material has not been previously published and that they have not transferred elsewhere any rights to the article.
  2. Author(s) should ensure the originality of the work and they have properly cited others' work in accordance of the references format.
  3. Author(s) should not engage in plagiarism nor self-plagiarism.
  4. Salami publication is strictly prohibited in Medical Journal of Indonesia.
  5. Author(s) should ensure that they follow the authorship criteria that are taken from ICMJE that is explained in instruction for author of Medical Journal of Indonesia.
  6. The author(s) have not suggested any personal information that may make the identity of the patient recognizable in any forms of description part, photograph or pedigree. When the photographs of the patient were essential and indispensable as scientific information, the author(s) have received the consent in written form and have clearly stated it.
  7. In case of experimenting on human, the authors have certified that the process of the research is in accordance with ethical standards of Helsinki declaration, domestic and foreign committees that preside over human experi­ment. If any doubts are raised whether the research was proceeded in accordance with the declaration, the authors should explain it. In case of experimenting on animals, the authors have certified that the authors had followed the domestic and foreign guideline related to experiment of animals in a laboratory.
  8. Author(s) should give the editor the data and details of the work, if there are suspicions of data falsification or fabrication.
  9. Authors of the journal should clarify everything that may cause conflict of interests such as work, research expenses, consul­tant expenses, and intellectual property on the document of ICMJE form disclosure.


Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.

  1. The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  2. The submission file is in OpenOffice, Microsoft Word, RTF, or WordPerfect document file format.
  3. The text is single-spaced; uses a 12-point font; employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.
  4. The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines, which is found in About the Journal.

Copyright Notice

Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:

a. Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.

b. Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.

c. Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).

Privacy Statement

The names and email addresses entered in this journal site will be used exclusively for the stated purposes of this journal and will not be made available for any other purpose or to any other party.

Author Fees

This journal charges the following author fees.

Article Submission: 0.00 (USD)
Authors are not required to pay an Article Submission Fee as part of the submission process to contribute to review costs.

Fast-Track Review: 0.00 (USD)
No fast-track review in this journal.

Article Publication: 0.00 (USD)
If this paper is accepted for publication, you will not be asked to pay an Article Publication Fee to cover publications costs.

If you do not have funds to pay such fees, you will have an opportunity to waive each fee. We do not want fees to prevent the publication of worthy work.